The Gaspee Days Committee at www.gaspee.COM is a civic-minded nonprofit organization that operates many community events in and around Pawtuxet Village, including the famous Gaspee Days Parade each June. These events are all designed to commemorate the 1772 burning of the hated British revenue schooner, HMS Gaspee, by Rhode Island patriots as America's 'First Blow for Freedom' TM. Our historical research center, the Gaspee Virtual Archives at www.gaspee.ORG , has presented these research notes as an attempt to gather further information on one who has been suspected of being associated with the the burning of the Gaspee. Please e-mail your comments or further questions to email@example.com.
|Evidence implicating John
Noted local historian Henry A. L. Brown was rambling through
his extensive collections of history books one recent day and came
across this piece which he dutifully passed on to us. From Transactions of The Rhode Island Society
for the Encouragement of Domestic Industry in the Year 1861.
Providence: Knowles, Anthony & Co. 1862. p147-148, in which early
members of the Society are given short biographies.
Was born in Scituate, on the 6th of October, 1781. His parents were John Jenckes and Sarah (Brayton) Kilton. His father was one of those who opened the great drama of the American Revolution, by the destruction of the Gaspee, in 1772. During the war that followed, in common with his fellow-citizens, he was frequently in active service in the field. He was in Sullivan's expedition to the island of Rhode Island, in 1778,--and in the battle which followed the retreat of the Americans, the barrel of his gun was heated, by repeated discharges, to such a degree as to compel him to desist from reloading it. He used to relate, that a soldier near him on that occasion, was struck by a spent musket ball on his front teeth with such force as to displace four of them. Nothing dismayed, added the ball and the four teeth to the next charge in his gun, with the wish, expressed in terms more forcible than pious, that the redcoats might derive some advantage from them. The father of Caleb resided in Providence in 1772, but removed to Scituate before the birth of Caleb. His son received the education which could then be acquired at the common country schools. After completing this, he came to Providence and served as an apprentice to Earl Potter, as mason. When out of his apprenticeship, he set up the business and pursued it assiduously until about the year 1840. Among the largest buidings erected by him, may be named, Washington factory, in Coventry, one of the factories in Phenix Village, and the Plainfield Meeting house and Academy, in Connecticut. After retiring from the active business of his trade, he employed himself in farming and gardening. His residence, after setting up business, was with his sisters, in Washington Village, in Coventry. He was never married. The family first consisted of himself and six maiden sisters, four of whom deceased in his lifetime. He died on the 10th of November, 1861, and his body was interred in the family burying ground near Washington Village. He was extensively known as an industrious, prudent, honest man, and an efficient, faithful mechanic.
The time of admission of Mr. Kilton into this society, cannot be ascertained from the records. It must have been many years since.
Note that the second sentence, for clarity sakes, should have been "His parents were John Jenckes Kilton and Sarah (Brayton) Kilton."
From: Revolutionary Fire: The Gaspee Incident <http://www.gaspee.org/Revolut2.htm>
Justin Jacobs, Benjamin Hammond, Paul Allen, John Kilton, Simeon Olney - Providence residents known to have taken part in the raid on the Gaspee.Natalie Robinson, the author of Revolutionary Fire: The Gaspee Incident probably got this list of names of participants in the Gaspee affair from the notes of John Howland, the original director of the RI Historical Society. Howland undoubtedly knew many of these men personally through his life. At this point, however, we have been too lazy to actually go down to the Historical Society Library and see these references for ourselves. The names are otherwise uncited by other known participants, such as Ephraim Bowen and John Mawney, and is not cited by Staples. But the first reference to John Jenckes Kilton is excellent, coming from close family sources, and we no longer feel that Kilton's participation in the burning of the Gaspee is "dubious" as it was probably the John I. Kilton that was spurious.
A search for John Kilton is otherwise negative in Gaspee.org files
|Biographical and Genealogical
A John Kilton is listed amongst the names of Rhode Island
privateersmen captured by the British and imprisoned at Forton prison
in 1778, according to William Sheffield, An Address, 1883, p 67.
RI Historical Cemeteries Database shows only one John Kilton to be of the right age:
KILTON, JOHN JENCKES 1749c - 28 FEB 1824 CY066 (Coventry)This date of death creates considerable confusion, as we will soon see. Ancestry.com search shows John Jenckes Kilton to have married a Sarah BRAYTON born 20 Nov 1751 in Coventry, and is buried with him:
KILTON, SARAH (BRAYTON) 1751c - 1 DEC 1832 CY066
USGenWeb search show that: Kilton, John J. was listed in the 1800 Federal census for Kent County that includes Coventry. In the 1790 census he was also listed as:
Kilton, John 1-3-5-*-*That is himself, 3 males under 16, 5 females, no other freepersons, and no slaves. More importantly, this man shows up in the 1782 Federal Census of Coventry, RI as John J. Kilton. Our John J. Kilton of Kent County may have had a son with that name since in 1830, a John J. Kilton was named a Director of the Bank of Kent located in Coventry, RI.
But there is yet another....Captain John Kilton died Nov. 23, 1811 aged 88 years and is buried in Oak Swamp Churchyard, Rehoboth, MA. (Calculated birthyear 1723) This is not our man.
Scituate was not invaded, but she was called upon, and responded nobly to the call, to march her troops to the port. The British, on Sunday, Dec. 8, 1776, landed and took possession of Rhode Island, and remained there until Oct. 25, 1779, during which time the inhabitants were greatly oppressed.Imagine how John L, John I. or John J. could all look the same in script of the time. The town of Scituate adjoins John J. Kilton's later hometown of Coventry. It is quite improbable that the John J. Kilton referenced above, and the John I. Kilton from the Scituate Militia are the same person, in that John I. was captured and imprisoned by the British, and died in 1778 after his release..
We have definite references that it was John Jenckes Kilton that burnt the Gaspee in 1772, and no such definite references that John I. Kilton did so. John J. Kilton's grave in Coventry says he died in 1824, while John I. Kilton apparently died in 1778 and we're not sure where he is buried. John J.'s wife Sarah Brayton died in 1832 and had at least seven children with him, one Caleb being born in 1781. John I. married a Mary Owen in 1769 with who he had one child, Sarah born in 1772. Both John J, and John I. curiously took part in the Battle of Rhode Island at the same time, and later lived in the adjoining towns of Coventry and Scituate.
Two John Kiltons being in close proximity to each other probably explains why John J. Kilton was referred to as John Jenckes Kilton, and spelled out as such in the biography of Caleb Kilton. It also explains why the John I. Kilton is listed with his middle initial in the Scituate militia, a list in which other men do not have their middle initials. This is an important clue that we are dealing with two separate individuals. This confusion may also explain why one historian considered John I. Kilton's participation in the raid to be of "dubious source".
|The Gaspee Days Committee considers John Jenckes Kilton (c1749-1824) to be a true American patriot for his role in attacking the HMS Gaspee in 1772.|
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