|Those That Burned the
The 'Official' List of Gaspee Raiders
Gaspee Raider Name Source [ type] Comment Assumed b/d Age@06/1772 Paul Allen Robinson [Secondary]
1742 -- 1800 Age30 Ephraim Bowen Bowen, Staples p 14 [Self]
Later Col. Bowen, 1753 -- 1841 Age19 Aaron Briggs Briggs, testimony, Staples p63 [Self] Impressed into raid by Simeon Potter, c1755 -- Age16-18 Abial Brown Family history [Secondary] Var. Abiel 1755--1839 Age 18 John Brown Bowen, Mawney, Staples p14 et al. [Primary] Leader of the attack. 1736 -- 1803 Age36 Joseph Brown Montagu, Staples p31, et al. [Primary] Brother of John Brown. 1733 -- 1785 Age38 Joseph Bucklin Bowen, Mawney, Staples p14, 15 [Primary] Fired the shot wounding Dudingston. 1754 -- c1781 Age18 Capt. Samuel Dunn Mawney, Staples p15 [Primary] 1710-c1790 Referred to as Benjamin Dunn by Bowen and Williams Age62 Abel Easterbrooks
Ormsbee pension application [Primary] from Warren-Bristol area Nathaniel Easterbrooks
Ormsbee pension application [Primary] from Warren-Bristol area Capt. Caleb Godfrey
Providence Journal Obit [Secondary]
c1736-1825.Research in progress Age36
Capt. Samuel Godfrey
Paul Allen, Jr, History of the Revolution [Sec.] 1743-1831, Age28
Rufus Greene Peter May, testimony, Staples p76 [Secondary] 1748 -- 1831 Age24 Capt. John Greenwood
Ormsbee pension application [Primary] from Warren-Bristol area
Benjamin Hammond Robinson [Secondary] AgeUnknown Captain Joseph Harris Williams, p21 [Secondary] 1752-1823 Age20 Capt. John B. Hopkins Bowen, Staples p14 [Primary] 1742 -- 1796 Age 29 Justin Jacobs Staples, Staples p108 [Secondary] Stole Dudingston's 'beaver' hat c1755 Age17? Joseph Jenckes Williams p21 [Secondary] Typo misidentified once as Jospeh Johnson
John J. Kilton Robinson [Secondary] 1749-1824 Age23
Ormsbee pension application [Primary] from Warren-Bristol area Abner Luther
Ormsbee pension application [Primary] from Warren-Bristol area Daniel Martin
1751-1837 Age 21
John Mawney Mawney, Bowen, Staples p14, 15 [Self] Student physician, c1751 -- 1830 Age21 Simeon H. Olney Mawney, Staples p15 [Primary] 1754 -- 1804 Age18 Ezra Ormsbee
Ormsbee pension application [Self] 1751-c1834 Age21 from Warren-Bristol area Benjamin Page Bowen, Staples p14 [Primary] Later Captain, 1753 -- 1833 in Illinois Age19 Col/Capt.Simeon Potter Briggs, Staples p63 [Primary] Sea Captain, Militia Colonel. 1720c -- 1806 Age52 Christopher Sheldon
Sheldon, Page 771, [Secondary] 1732-1799 Age40
Pardon Sheldon Newspaper article [Secondary] Celebrated as Gaspee raider in 1827 parade, Age 32 Captain Shepard Williams Staples p21 [Secondary]
Widow's pension application [Secondary]
1755-1835, Naval & Army hero, Age17
Ormsbee pension application [Primary] from Warren-Bristol area Turpin Smith Turpin Pension application [Self] 1751 -- 1835 Age21 Robert Sutton Bayles[Secondary] 1741 -- 1811 Age30 Thomas Swan Munro [Secondary] Later Captain, 1749c -- 1805 Age23 Amos Sylvester
Providence Journal obit [Secondary] c1745-1827 Research in progress. Age27
Capt. Joseph Tillinghast Mawney, Staples p15 [Primary] 1734 -- 1816 Age38 Abraham Whipple Bowen, Mawney, Staples p14 et al. [Primary] Tactical commander of the attack. 1733 -- 1819 in Ohio Age39 Total Confirmed: 38/64
John Andrews, Esq. Andrews, Staples p90 [Primary] Obviously false testimony; Age48-56 Welcome Arnold RI Historical Society marker [Secondary] Notified by Lindsey; Age 27 George Brown, Esq. Montagu, Staples p52 [Primary] Alleged, but 'denied' in letter to Commission b1703 -- d 18Mar1786 @PV001 Age69 John Cole, Esq. Montagu, Staples p52 [Primary] Alleged, but 'denied' in letter to Commission Daniel Hitchcock, Esq. Montagu, Staples p52 [Primary] Alleged, but 'denied' in letter to Commission. 1740-1777 Age 32
Admiral Esek Hopkins
Washington Post, 1907 [hearsay]
Cited as participating, may be misidentified John B. Hopkins, Age 65
Benjamin Lindsey assumed, [Primary] Assumed since he was the instigator of the Gaspee's having run aground earlier. 1744 -- 1782 Age27 (Barzillai?) Richmond Montagu, Staples p52 [Secondary] "of Providence". Carroll says that this was probably Barzillai Richmond. Age 51 Nathan Salisbury Smith [Secondary] Gravesite marker
1751 -- 1817 in NY Age21 Silas Talbot
Fowler, personal communication, see bio [Secondary]
Lived near the Providence waterfront, mysteriously 'disappeared' to Dighton, MA for two weeks immediately afterwards. Age 21
Doctor Weeks (?) Montagu, Staples p31 [Secondary] Probably a misidentified John Mawney Silas Wheeler Hakes. [Secondary] Alleged by British captors at the Battle of Quebec. Age 20 Co-conspiritors
John Aplin, Esq.
Old Providence, p16. [Oral history]
Tore down the King's Gaspee wanted poster
Mawney, p15 [Secondary] Provided paving stones and barrel staves to raiders
Solomon Drowne, Jr.
Field, p465-468 [Secondary] Witnessed the affair, but did not go along. Gov. Arthur Fenner
Obstructed by dodging the subpoena Age 26
US Sen. Theodore Foster
Likely complicit in legal obfurcations, Age 20
Stephen Hopkins Deasy, Staples p xxviii [Secondary] Provided advise on limiting testimony. See bio. b1707 -- d13Jul1785 @PV001 Age65 John Howland Hall, p9 [Self] Witnessed the affair, but did not go along 1757-1854 Age15 William Mumford, Esq.
Purposely misdirected a Gaspee Commission subpoena intended for Arthur Fenner, Jr to Arthur Fenner, Sr.
Daniel Pearce Guild p170-172 et al [Secondary] Beat the drum for volunteers to burn the Gaspee. James Sabin Bowen, Mawney, Staples p14 et al. [Primary] Owned the tavern where the plot was laid out. c1731 -- 1806 @PV001 Age41 Darius Sessions Deasy, Staples p xxviii [Secondary] Creatively provided for false counter-testimony to Commission. See bio. b1717 -- d27Apr1809 @PV001 Age55 Dr. Henry Sterling
Mawney, p15, [Primary] Medically cared for Dudingston in Pawtuxet after the attack.
Key witness may have been recruited by Sessions.
Other Suspicious Characters Known associates
Before 1752 (in Britain) the year calendar year began on March 25th (Lady Day). Dates between January 1st and March 24th were therefore at the end of the year rather than the beginning. Such dates are sometimes seen in the form 12 Feb 1696/7. From 1752 the year began on January 1st instead of March 25th.
Note2: Click for information on site research at Providence's Old North Burial Ground
Note3: According to our research, descendants of those who participated in the burning of the Gaspee should be eligible for membership in the Sons/Daughters of the American Revolution. As an example, we submit the following example gleaned from the DAR lineage book: The National Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution. Volume 50, page 250, of a descendant of John Brown, who, while he was not a member of the military, did lead the attack on the Gaspee.
Miss Madeleine Livermore Abbott.
|All descendants of
Gaspee Raiders are invited to send genealogical and
historic research about their ancestors to Webmaster@gaspee.org
Bayles, Richard M. ed. History of Providence County, Vol I & II. W.W. Preston & Co., NY. 1891. References to Robert Sutton in Biographical sketches, "Town of East Providence" Volume II, p. 174.
Carroll, Charles. Rhode Island-Three Centuries of Democracy, Volume I, Lewis Historical Publishing Company, Inc., New York, 1932.
Deasy, Richard M., in The Documentary History of the Destruction of the Gaspee, by William R. Staples. Introduced and Supplemented by Richard M. Deasy. Providence, RI Publications Society, 1990.
Field, Edward, State
of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations at the
End of the Century: A History.
Boston, Mason Publishing Co. 1902.
Fowler, William M. (author of Silas Talbot:
Captain of the Old Ironsides) personal
conversation, November 5, 2008 after he delivered a
lecture "Silas Talbot: A Rhode Island Rogue and
Man on the Make." at the 2008 Annual Meeting of the RI
Guild, Reuben Aldridge. Life, times, and correspondence of James Manning, and the early history of Brown University. Boston, 1864, p170-172.
Hakes, Harlo. Hon. Landmarks of Steuben County. 1896
Hall, Edward B. A Discourse Delivered Before the Rhode Island Historical Society, February 6, 1855 on the Life and Times of John Howland, Late President of the Society. Providence, Geo. H. Whitney, 1855, p9.
John Sheldon of Providence (and
Records of His Descendents), Sheldon
Family Association, 1984
Munro, Wilfred Harold. Tales
of an Old Sea Port. Princeton University
Press, 1917. <see citation>
Application for pension found in Revolutionary War
Pension File #S21404, 24 August 1833.
Rhode Island Historical Cemeteries Transcription Project Link visited 11/2001. Searches were conducted only on those without other biographical data included elsewhere. Much of this information is only tentatively accurate in that it is assumed that 1) they are included in the database, 2) there was no confusion based on the names and time periods, and 3) that they had been buried in Rhode Island. Many, including Abraham Whipple, Nathan Salsibury, and Benjamin Page were, in fact,. buried in other states.
Robinson, Natalie. Revolutionary Fire: The Gaspee Incident. RI Committee for the Humanities, Providence, 1984. (Robinson's sources probably included the memoirs of John Howland available at the RI Historical Society.)
Saturday Evening Post, August 22, 1829, Vol VIII, Whole No. 421, Page 1.
Smith, H.P. History of Cortland County. D. Mason & Co. Publ., Syracuse, NY, 1885. <see citation p. 450>.
Staples, William R. The Documentary History of the Destruction of the Gaspee, Introduced and Supplemented by Richard M. Deasy. Providence, RI Publications Society, 1990
State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations at the End of the Century, A History, edited by Edward Field, Boston, Mason Publishing Co., 1902 Vol. I. <see citation p. 467-468>
Williams, Catharine (Mrs.). Biography of Revolutionary Heroes: Containing the Life of Brigadier Gen. William Barton and Also of Captain Stephen Olney. New York, Wiley & Putnam, 1839.
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